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Dieting

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Here we give an overview of all the different types of diet available and pro’s and con’s of those particular diets.

Calorie Counting diet
This is the most widely acclaimed method of losing weight. The diet works on the basis of energy debt meaning if you eat fewer calories than you are burning off, your body must burn its fat stores for energy. Calorie distinction makes no distinction to foods. You can eat anything you like as long you keep within the target calories. The average number of calories consumed per person is 2000kcals for women, and 2500kcals for men. It is suggested to keep this figure to 1500kcals if you are looking to lose weight. Experts recommend that exercise can also play a major role suggesting to burn between 300-500kcals per workout.

Advantages

Disadvantages

Easy to follow

Measurement needs to be accurate

Clear method for lifelong weight maintenance

 

No foods are disallowed from diet

 

The high protein / low carbohydrate diet
The most recent and well-advertised low carb diet is that of Dr Atkins. The diet advocates believe that excess carbohydrates increase fat storage in the body. Carbohydrates stimulate profound changes in the body’s hormones and metabolism. All carbohydrates are reduced to one substance in the body – sugar. The presence of sugar causes the body to produce insulin, the hormone that regulates blood sugar, controls appetite and regulates storage of fat.

The diet allows almost no carbohydrate and as much protein and fat as you like. The diet follows a metabolic state called ‘ketosis’ whereby the body is deprived of carbohydrate energy and begins to burn fat as fuel.

Advantages

Disadvantages

Rapid weight loss in the short term
(2.2lb –11lb in first week)

Risk of heart disease, kidney disease, stroke

If you enjoy eating meat, eggs and high fat foods.

Bad breath, constipation, head ache, fatigue

Supermarkets cater for the diet

 

 

 

Low Fat Diets (Rosemary Conley’s)
This diet is based on the concept that ‘eating fat mean you get fat’. All food that is eaten should never contain more than 4grams of fat per 100grams.

Advantages

Disadvantages

Delicious/varied diet

Body consumes limited fatty acids

Lose approx 1-2lb per week

Vitamin deficiency